How to Treat Cocaine Addiction

Where To Get Help For Cocaine Addiction

Table of Contents:

Explain Why The Addiction Potential Of Cocaine Was Unrecognized For Many Years

How Can You Prevent Cocaine Addiction

How Does Cocaine Addiction Happen

Cocaine Addiction How Many People Are Addicted

What Chemical In Cocaine Causes Addiction

In 2013, cocaine accounted for almost 6 percent of all admissions to drug abuse treatment programs. The majority of individuals (68 percent in 2013) who seek treatment for cocaine use smoke crack and are likely to be polydrug users, meaning they use more than one substance.36 Those who provide treatment for cocaine use should recognize that drug addiction is a complex disease involving changes in the brain as well as a wide range of social, familial, and other environmental factors; therefore, treatment of cocaine addiction must address this broad context as well as any other co-occurring mental disorders that require additional behavioral or pharmacological interventions.

Food and Drug Administration to treat cocaine addiction, though researchers are exploring a variety of neurobiological targets. Past research has primarily focused on dopamine, but scientists have also found that cocaine use induces changes in the brain related to other neurotransmitters—including serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), norepinephrine, and glutamate.37 Researchers are currently testing medications that act at the dopamine D3 receptor, a subtype of dopamine receptor that is abundant in the emotion and reward centers of the brain.38 Other research is testing compounds (e.g., N-acetylcysteine) that restore the balance between excitatory (glutamate) and inhibitory (GABA) neurotransmission, which is disrupted by long-term cocaine use.39 Research in animals is also looking at medications (e.g., lorcaserin) that act at serotonin receptors.40 Several medications marketed for other diseases show promise in reducing cocaine use within controlled clinical trials.

Scientists do not yet know exactly how disulfiram reduces cocaine use, though its effects may be related to its ability to inhibit an enzyme that converts dopamine to norepinephrine. However, disulfiram does not work for everyone. Pharmacogenetic studies are revealing variants in the gene that encodes the DBH enzyme and seems to influence disulfiram’s effectiveness in reducing cocaine use.41–43 Knowing a patient’s DBH genotype could help predict whether disulfiram would be an effective pharmacotherapy for cocaine dependence in that person.41–43 Finally, researchers have developed and conducted early tests on a cocaine vaccine that could help reduce the risk of relapse.

One approach being explored is the use of genetically engineered human enzymes involved in the breakdown of cocaine, which would counter the behavioral and toxic effects of a cocaine overdose.49 Currently, researchers are testing and refining these enzymes in animal research, with the ultimate goal of moving to clinical trials.49 Many behavioral treatments for cocaine addiction have proven to be effective in both residential and outpatient settings.

Discuss How Cocaine Addiction Occurs Neurologically

However, the integration of behavioral and pharmacological treatments may ultimately prove to be the most effective approach.50 One form of behavioral therapy that is showing positive results in people with cocaine use disorders is contingency management (CM), also called motivational incentives. Programs use a voucher or prize-based system that rewards patients who abstain from cocaine and other drugs.

CM may be particularly useful for helping patients achieve initial abstinence from cocaine and stay in treatment.39,50–52 This approach has recently been shown to be practical and effective in community treatment programs.51 Research indicates that CM benefits diverse populations of cocaine users. For example, studies show that cocaine-dependent pregnant women and women with young children who participated in a CM program as an adjunct to other substance use disorder treatment were able to stay abstinent longer than those who received an equivalent amount of vouchers with no behavioral requirements.28 Patients participating in CM treatment for cocaine use who also experienced psychiatric symptoms—such as depression, emotional distress, and hostility—showed a significant reduction in these problems, probably related to reductions in cocaine use.53 Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective approach for preventing relapse.

This therapy can also be used in conjunction with other treatments, thereby maximizing the benefits of both.50 Recently, researchers developed a computerized form of CBT (CBT4CBT) that patients use in a private room of a clinic.54–56 This interactive multimedia program closely follows the key lessons and skill-development activities of in-person CBT in a series of modules.

TCs can also provide support in other important areas—improving legal, employment, and mental health outcomes.57,58 Regardless of the specific type of substance use disorder treatment, it is important that patients receive services that match all of their treatment needs. For example, an unemployed patient would benefit from vocational rehabilitation or career counseling along with addiction treatment.

What Is The Treatment For Cocaine Addiction

Once inpatient treatment ends, ongoing support—also called aftercare—can help people avoid relapse. Research indicates that people who are committed to abstinence, engage in self-help behaviors, and believe that they have the ability to refrain from using cocaine (self-efficacy) are more likely to abstain.59 Aftercare serves to reinforce these traits and address problems that may increase vulnerability to relapse, including depression and declining self-efficacy.59 Scientists have found promising results from telephone-based counseling as a low-cost method to deliver aftercare.

Cocaine is a dangerous and addictive drug, but with proper treatment, recovery is possible. Treatment for cocaine addiction involves detox, medications, and therapy, and it works best with support from family, friends, and professionals.Start the road to recovery.How Many People Suffer From Cocaine Addiction

How To Get Rid Of Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine is a highly addictive drug derived from the coca plant in South America.1, 2 It is classified as a stimulant and can be prescribed as an anesthetic for specific kinds of surgery since it can numb the areas it comes in contact with. However, it is illegal outside of these purposes due to the drug’s high potential for abuse and addiction.1 Other names for cocaine include coke, blow, powder, or crack, which is a form that can be smoked.1 Cocaine can also be snorted or injected.1 In 2018, nearly 1 million Americans had an addiction to the drug.3 Despite the prevalence of the drug in society, there remains a lack of understanding of cocaine abuse and addiction.

Cocaine is a fast-acting drug; the effects are immediate, although they don’t last long.1 The short-term effects of cocaine can include:1, 2, 4 Being irritable or paranoid. Erratic and possibly violent behavior. Euphoria. Feeling anxious or panicky. Feeling more mentally alert. Increased energy. Increased sensitivity to sights, sounds, and touch.

Explain Why The Addiction Potential Of Cocaine Was Unrecognized For Many Years

Vertigo. Cocaine also has immediate physical effects on the body. These can include:1, 2, 4 Constriction of the blood vessels. Dilated pupils. Elevated blood pressure, temperature, and heart rate. Muscle weakness. Nausea. Long-term effects of cocaine use can have a variety of negative effects on the body and brain.1 Chronic, long-term use of cocaine can lead to:1, 2, 4 Increased tolerance.

Ulcers. Cardiovascular risks. Stroke. Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that works by increasing the amount of dopamine in the brain, which causes a feeling of euphoria.1, 2 Since it increases mental alertness and energy, people often feel more productive when taking it.1, 2 Because these effects don’t last long, there is often a strong urge to take more to continue feeling such euphoric effects.1 Over time, the brain becomes desensitized to dopamine, and larger amounts of cocaine are needed.2 When cocaine use is stopped, a person may experience withdrawal symptoms such as feeling depressed, tired, hungry, trouble sleeping, and thinking more slowly.2 The warning signs and symptoms of cocaine use and addiction fall into two general categories: physical and behavioral.

These warning signs of an addiction can include:1, 2, 4 Sudden weight loss. Dilated pupils. Runny nose. Constant sniffling. Hypersensitivity to sight, sounds, and touch. People who are addicted to cocaine may show behavioral changes. These warning signs include:4, 5, 6 Obsessive thoughts of using or finding cocaine. Inability to stop using the drug.

Paranoia. Lack of physical hygiene habits. Lying. New financial problems. New legal problems. Risk-taking behavior. While understanding the physical and behavioral symptoms of addiction can help you determine if you or someone you love truly has a problem, it is important to understand that the physical symptoms of cocaine addiction and withdrawal can be the most challenging pieces of achieving sobriety (how to get help for cocaine addiction).

How To Stop Cocaine Addiction On Your Own

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Detox is generally a 5-7 day period in which you are supervised by clinicians or medical staff to ensure your health and safety are preserved. where can you get help for cocaine addiction. You can find more information on detox here. If you are concerned that you may have a cocaine addiction, reading this article is a good way to learn about what it is and what the dangers are.

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